Assignment: Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement

Assignment: Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement

Assignment: Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement

Global Health Comparison

Introduction

            During the pandemic year, several countries, including the United States took strict measures to stop the spread of the virus. Public gatherings were banned and religious institutions were highly targeted when the interventions were recommended. On roll call vote 117th Congress-1st session, S. Amdt. 1425 was introduced and sponsored by Senator Lee Mike on 04/14/2021 and proposed on 04/22/2021 (Congress.Gov., 2021). The amendment under Section 3 focuses on religious restrictions during the COVID-19 period. Its rationale is to justify why religious institutions remain inaccessible to the public, yet most commercial enterprises remain open as COVID-19 continues spreading. In Mexico, non-essential gatherings have been banned and even meetings in private enterprises stopped as critical public health measures to stop putting unnecessary risk on people. The extended ban is non-negotiable and even street markets are prohibited from operating, yet some American Senate members condemn the restrictions.

Purpose

The bill’s purpose is to necessitate the production of a report on State restrictions on the freedom of religious congregation during the COVID-19 pandemic period.

Conclusion

163 Senators voted on April 22, 2021 but could not pass the bill with a popular majority of 3/5 or more. The result was that the amendment was rejected. Still, legislatures seek a comprehensive report on which occasioned the decision made through the popular majority in the Congress.

 

Part 1: Legislation Grid

Global Healthcare Issue  

COVID-19

Description Sec. 3. “Report on religious restrictions during the COVID–19 pandemic” intends to limit restraints on religious freedom during the pandemic year. 49 votes cast were YEAs, 48 counts were NAYs and 3 never voted (Congress.Gov., 2021). New York, New Jersey, Louisiana, Ohio, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Mexico, Mississippi, North Carolina, Arizona, Tennessee, Texas, Colorado, Florida, Pennsylvania, Arkansas, Indiana, and South Carolina opposed the bill believing that as long as congregants follow CDC guidelines and set World Health Organization protocols (Siddiqi, Graves-Fitzsimmons, & Gonzalez, 2020). The bill targets all countries, not only the United States. The bill was rejected by the popular majority.
Country United States

 

Mexico
Describe the policy in each country related to the identified healthcare issue Following an upsurge in COVID-19 cases, the United States decided to ban all physical religious gatherings. The rationale was to reduce the spread of the virus by maintaining social distancing. Mexican legislatures unanimously agreed on the need to put strict health care or law enforcement to flatten the curve. The religious restrictions or sanctions extend to streets and private spaces to limit or stop COVID-19 spread (“The Associated Press,” 2020).
What are the strengths of this policy?
  • Limits the spread of the virus.
  • Creates enough time for people to take advantage of technology in congregating.
  • Speeds up the process of flattening the curve.
  • Helps in keeping Mexicans accountable.
  • Assists with flattening the curve.
What are the weaknesses of this policy?
  • Opponents and proponents are almost the same population but the former has more power.
  • Mexico is a Catholic country that is highly religious. Restrictions affect their freedom and ability to enjoy their faith.
Explain how the social determinants of health may impact the specified global health issue. (Be specific and provide examples)
  • Assembling and socializing affect social distancing and congregating in church increases the rates of COVID-19 transmissions.
  • Still, socializing online has proven difficult, especially for religious gatherings.
  • Mexicans are generally social characters. Inability to gather in religious places for worship negatively affects their mental health.
How has each country’s government addressed cost, quality, and access to the selected global health issue?
  • Limiting public gatherings in more states reduces the risk of exposure to the virus, and this minimizes the cost of treating COVID-19.
  • Writing the report will require additional costs of research and policymaking meetings.
  • Everyone unanimously agrees that restrictions on physical meetings in religious, public, and private spaces are a short-term intervention that reduces medical costs associated with treating the coronavirus disease (“The Associated Press,” 2020).
How has the identified health policy impacted the health of the global population? (Be specific and provide examples)
  • Inability to meet physically in religious places affects the spiritual and mental health of various congregants globally.
  • The situation is similar to that of the United States.
Describe the potential impact of the identified health policy on the roles of nurses in each country.
  • Registered nurses are forced to assume research and leadership positions. The rationale is to incorporate in decision-making issues with an emphasis on policymaking.
  • Nurses are taking more responsibilities in primary care service delivery.
Explain how global health issues impact local healthcare organizations and policies in both countries. (Be specific and provide examples)
  • Local authorities must adhere to World Health Organization protocols, which several opponents of the bill endorse when supporting stay-at-home orders.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also issue directives on ways of preventing the spread of COVID-19.
  • The situation is similar to the United States.
General Notes/Comments
  • The amendment necessitated the provision of a comprehensive report on religious restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • No form of amendment necessitated the unanimous agreement that people should stay at home and avoid religious gatherings.

Part 2: Legislation Testimony/Advocacy Statement

It takes 180 days post-enactment for the Attorney General to submit the COVID-19 report on the restrictions on religious activities imposed by States. It is vital to establish why the restrictions applied to religious entities and excluded secular institutions. Additionally, it is critical to understand if the decision made by Congress was aligned with the Supreme Court of the U.S. decision on the S.Amdt. 1425 (Congress.Gov., 2021). Therefore, I support the bill but oppose an amendment that would stop the stay-at-home order on religious gatherings. COVID-19 directives issued by the WHO, including stay-at-home orders are meant for reducing the spread of the coronavirus disease and flattening the curve. Such restrictions are not permanent, and it is illogical to seek an amendment to SA 1425. Instead, a report will convince Americans that the federal government made the right decision to restrict physical public gatherings, yet people can meet virtually.

I would address the opponent by asking them to explain how the report will help in combating COVID-19 while equally minimizing the psychosocial impacts of restrictions on religious gatherings on the affected groups. In essence, the report will come at an additional cost, but opponents equally need justification that the restrictions are similar to those that apply to secular organizations. Additionally, the opponents need to confirm that the report offers a solution of a similar status as that of Hate Crimes and COVID-19 (Congress.Gov., 2021). In essence, the U.S. is on a cost-saving mission and only priority areas receive the desired attention. Currently, a report on a rejected amendment bill would be illogical and unrealistically costly. Inability to prove why more expenses should be incurred on the report writing activity process means that there is no need for further pursuing the amendment.

References

Siddiqi, M., Graves-Fitzsimmons, G., & Gonzalez, E. (2020 March 27). Religious exemptions during the Coronavirus pandemic will only worsen the crisis. Center for American Progress. Retrieved from https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/religion/news/2020/03/27/482359/religious-exemptions-coronavirus-pandemic-will-worsen-crisis/

The Associated Press. (2020 March 31). The Latest: Mexico broadens shutdown, prohibits gatherings. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/article/mexico-united-nations-south-korea-china-religion-1fd6413c9615da74d44d971075ebf4ff

Congress.Gov. (2021). April 22, 2021 – Issue: Vol. 167, No. 70 — Daily Edition. Retrieved from https://www.congress.gov/congressional-record/2021/04/22/senate-section/article/S2140-2

Note: This Assignment is due on Day 5 of Week 11.

If you talk about a possible poor health outcome, do you believe that outcome will occur? Do you believe eye contact and personal contact should be avoided?

You would have a difficult time practicing as a nurse if you believed these to be true. But they are very real beliefs in some cultures.

Differences in cultural beliefs, subcultures, religion, ethnic customs, dietary customs, language, and a host of other factors contribute to the complex environment that surrounds global healthcare issues. Failure to understand and account for these differences can create a gulf between practitioners and the public they serve.

In this Assignment, you will examine a global health issue and consider the approach to this issue by the United States and by one other country.

To Prepare:

  • Review the World Health Organization’s (WHO) global health agenda and select one global health issue to focus on for this Assignment.
  • Select at least one additional country to compare to the U.S. for this Assignment.
  • Reflect on how the global health issue you selected is approached in the U.S. and in the additional country you selected.
  • Review and download the Global Health Comparison Matrix provided in the Resources.

The Assignment: (1- to 2-page Global Health Comparison Matrix; 1-page Plan for Social Change)

Part 1: Global Health Comparison Matrix

Focusing on the country you selected and the U.S., complete the Global Health Comparison Matrix. Be sure to address the following:

  • Consider the U.S. national/federal health policies that have been adapted for the global health issue you selected from the WHO global health agenda. Compare these policies to the additional country you selected for study.
  • Explain the strengths and weaknesses of each policy.
  • Explain how the social determinants of health may impact the global health issue you selected. Be specific and provide examples.
  • Using the WHO’s Organization’s global health agenda as well as the results of your own research, analyze how each country’s government addresses cost, quality, and access to the global health issue selected.
  • Explain how the health policy you selected might impact the health of the global population. Be specific and provide examples.
  • Explain how the health policy you selected might impact the role of the nurse in each country.
  • Explain how global health issues impact local healthcare organizations and policies in both countries. Be specific and provide examples.

Part 2: A Plan for Social Change

Reflect on the global health policy comparison and analysis you conducted in Part 1 of the Assignment and the impact that global health issues may have on the world, the U.S., your community, as well as your practice as a nurse leader.

In a 1-page response, create a plan for social change that incorporates a global perspective or lens into your local practice and role as a nurse leader.

  • Explain how you would advocate for the incorporation of a global perspective or lens into your local practice and role as a nurse leader.
  • Explain how the incorporation of a global perspective or lens might impact your local practice and role as a nurse leader.
  • Explain how the incorporation of a global perspective or lens into your local practice as a nurse leader represents and contributes to social change. Be specific and provide examples

By Day 5 of Week 11

Submit Part 1 and Part 2 of your Assignment.

Submission and Grading Information

To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:

  • Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK11Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
  • Click the Week 11 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
  • Click the Week 11 Assignment link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
  • Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK11Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
  • If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
  • Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.
Excellent Good Fair Poor
Global Healthcare Issues and Policies

Part 1: Global Health Comparison Matrix

Focusing on the country you selected and the U.S., complete the Global Health Comparison Matrix. Be sure to address the following:

• Consider the U.S. national/federal health policies that have been adapted for the global health issue you selected from the WHO global health agenda. Compare these policies to the additional country you selected for study.

45 (45%) – 50 (50%)

Response provides a clear and accurate explanation of the strengths and weaknesses of policies in the U.S. and another country.

Response provides a clear and accurate explanation of how the social determinants of health impact the issue in the U.S. and in another country. Specific examples are provided.

Response provides a clear and accurate explanation of how the governments of the two countries address cost, quality, and access related to the issue.

Response provides a clear and accurate explanation of how the policy in each of the two countries impacts the health of the global population. Detailed and accurate supporting examples are provided.

Response provides a clear and complete explanation of how the policies in each country impact the role of the nurse.

Response provides an accurate and detailed explanation of how the global health issues impact local healthcare organizations and policies in each of the two countries.

40 (40%) – 44 (44%)

Response provides an explanation of the strengths and weaknesses of policies in the U.S. and another country.

Response provides an explanation of how the social determinants of health impact the issue in the U.S. and in another country. Specific examples may be provided.

Response provides an explanation of how the governments of the two countries address cost, quality, and access related to the issue.

Response provides an explanation of how the policy in each of the two countries impacts the health of the global population. Supporting examples may be provided.

Response provides an explanation of how the policies in each country impact the role of the nurse.

Response provides an explanation of how the global health issues impact local healthcare organizations and policies in each of the two countries.

35 (35%) – 39 (39%)

Explanation of the strengths and weaknesses of policies in the U.S. and another country is vague or inaccurate.

Explanation of how the social determinants of health impact the issue in the U.S. and another country, and/or the examples, are vague or inaccurate.

Explanation of how the governments of the two countries address cost, quality, and access related to the issue is vague or inaccurate.

Explanation of how the policy in each of the two countries impacts the health of the global population, and/or supporting examples, is vague or inaccurate.

Explanation of how the policies in each country impact the role of the nurse is vague or incomplete.

Explanation of how global health issues impact local healthcare organizations and policies in each of the two countries is vague or inaccurate.

(0%) – 34 (34%)

Explanation of the strengths and weaknesses of policies in the U.S. and another country is vague and inaccurate, or is missing.

Explanation of how the social determinants of health impact the issue in the U.S. and in another country, and the examples, are vague and inaccurate, or is missing.

Explanation of how the governments of the two countries address cost, quality, and access related to the issue is vague and inaccurate, or is missing.

Explanation of how the policy in each of the two countries impacts the global population, and supporting examples, is missing.

Explanation of how the policies in each country impact the role of the nurse is vague and inaccurate, or is missing.

Explanation of how global health issues impact local healthcare organizations and policies in both countries is missing.

The Nurse’s Role in Global Healthcare

Part 2: A Plan for Social Change

Reflect on the global health policy comparison and analysis you conducted in Part 1 of the Assignment. In a 1-page response, create a plan for social change that incorporates a global perspective or lens into your local practice and role as a nurse leader.

• Explain how you would advocate for the incorporation of a global perspective or lens into your local practice and role as a nurse leader.

• Explain how the incorporation of a global perspective or lens might impact your local practice and role as a nurse leader.

• Explain how the incorporation of a global perspective or lens into your local practice as a nurse leader represents and contributes to social change. Be specific and provide examples.

32 (32%) – 35 (35%)

Response provides a clear and thorough explanation of how one would advocate for the incorporation of a global perspective or lens into his/her role as a nurse leader.

Response provides a clear and thorough explanation of how the incorporation of a global perspective or lens might impact local practice and the role as a nurse leader.

Response clearly and thoroughly explains in detail how the incorporation of a global perspective or lens in one’s role as a nurse represents and contributes to social change. Accurate and detailed supporting examples are provided.

28 (28%) – 31 (31%)

Response provides an explanation of how one would advocate for the incorporation of a global perspective or lens into his/her role as a nurse leader.

Response provides an explanation of how the incorporation of a global perspective or lens might impact local practice and the role as a nurse leader.

Response explains how the incorporation of a global perspective or lens in one’s role as a nurse represents and contributes to social change. Some supporting examples are provided.

25 (25%) – 27 (27%)

Explanation of how one would advocate for the incorporation of a global perspective or lens into his/her role as a nurse leader is vague or incomplete.

Explanation of how the incorporation of a global perspective or lens might impact local practice and the role as a nurse leader is vague or incomplete.

Explanation of how the incorporation of a global perspective or lens in one’s role as a nurse represents and contributes to social change, and/or supporting examples provided, are vague or incomplete.

(0%) – 24 (24%)

Explanation of how one would advocate for the incorporation of a global perspective or lens into his/her role as a nurse leader is vague and incomplete, or is missing.

Explanation of how the incorporation of a global perspective or lens might impact local practice and the role as a nurse leader is vague and incomplete, or is missing.

Explanation of how the incorporation of a global perspective or lens in one’s role as a nurse represents and contributes to social change, and/or supporting examples, is missing.

Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:

Paragraphs make clear points that support well developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused–neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction is provided which delineates all required criteria.

(5%) – 5 (5%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity.

A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion is provided which delineates all required criteria.

(4%) – 4 (4%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.

Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is stated, yet is brief and not descriptive.

3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%- 79% of the time.

Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is vague or off topic.

(0%) – 3 (3%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.

No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion was provided.

Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:

Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation

(5%) – 5 (5%)
Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.
(4%) – 4 (4%)
Contains a few (1-2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.
3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)
Contains several (3-4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.
(0%) – 3 (3%)
Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.
Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.
(5%) – 5 (5%)
Uses correct APA format with no errors.
(4%) – 4 (4%)
Contains a few (1-2) APA format errors.
3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)
Contains several (3-4) APA format errors.
(0%) – 3 (3%)
Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors.
Total Points: 100

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