Enuresis Essay

• How the disorder is diagnosed

How Enuresis is diagnosed


Please use the following references.

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. Enuresis Essay.
• “Elimination Disorders” Page 355.

Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2014). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry (11th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer. Enuresis Essay.
• Chapter 31, “Child Psychiatry” (pp. 1215)


Avicenna J Med. 2014 Oct-Dec; 4(4): 77–86.
doi: 10.4103/2231-0770.140641
PMCID: PMC4251068
PMID: 25506580
Nocturnal enuresis: A topic review and institution experience
John Michael DiBianco, Chad Morley,1 and Osama Al-Omar1
Author information ► Copyright and License information ► Disclaimer

Enuresis is the medical term used to describe the involuntary discharge of urine

beyond the age when a child is old enough to be able to control urination (usually

considered to be six years of age for nighttime control), or more commonly, bedwetting.

There are several types of enuresis: diurnal enuresis is wetting that occurs during waking

hours, primary nocturnal enuresis is a lack of the achievement of total bladder control

during sleep, and secondary nocturnal enuresis is loss of bladder control that happens

after a child (or adult) has been dry a night for a long period of time (usually three to six

months). The facts, causes, and treatments of this disorder can help bring a greater

awareness and understanding of enuresis. Enuresis Essay.

Nocturnal enuresis is a common problem. It is estimated that there are five to

seven million children in the United States who have NE. Many children have no lasting

problems from bed-wetting, however, some children who wet the bed can develop

psychological problems, including low self-esteem. This disorder also affects family

members through anger and frustration because of the condition. Enuresis Essay.

One important reminder to parents with children who suffer from this condition is

that bed-wetting should not be thought of as a behavioral problem. There is no medical

proof to show that children wet the bed to spite their parents. Also, most children will

outgrow bed-wetting eventually. As parents, the best way to help your child is to be

understanding and remember that punishing or making fun of a child who wets the bed

can only make the situation worse….. Enuresis Essay.

Bedwetting, or what most scientist call nocturnal enuresis, refers to the unintentional passage of urine during sleep. Enuresis is the medical term for bed wetting, whether dressed during the day or in bed at night. Another name for enuresis is urinary incontinence. For infants and young children, urination is unconsciously done . Wetting the bed is very normal for them. Most children gain some degree of bladder control by 4 years of age. Daytime control is usually gained first while nighttime control comes later.
Most people are very uneducated on how Enuresis is effective on our personality. Enuresis is a bed wetting disorder; a lot of people are not sure on why they have this urine problem. To my surprise they have a description on this disorder, however I never heard of it. But it seems so common within our community. It’s a voluntary and involuntary release of urine. Completely unaware of why their body can’t notice recognition when it has to urinate. So they make mistakes in their bed, clothes, or just outside when it is not time to do so. A lot of people suffers from Alzheimer’s disease in the latest stage has been known to suffer with this problem as well, or other forms of dementia. To best way to describe Enuresis is, you mainly urine on yourself at night time it is called nocturnal. But if it occurs all the time during the daytime hours it’s called diurnal. This disorder affects young kids; and they don’t know why they are urinating on themselves… Enuresis Essay.

A cross sectional study was conducted on prevalence and risk factors of mono symptomatic nocturnal enuresis in school children of Ankara. Among 15150 children, 9% children had mono symptomatic nocturnal enuresis.it was found that Frequency was higher in boys than girls. Analysis revealed that gender, toilet training methods , problems of sleep, school performance, and approach of the family members to such children are significant factors. Age, male gender, experience of toilet training with threatening methods, deep sleep, sleep walking,and introverted and shy behavior were significantly increased the risk of nocturnal enuresis (Secil Ozkan, et al., 2010).Enuresis Essay.

An epidemiological cross sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of nocturnal enuresis in children 5-14 years in Sudan, 218 children were involved in the study and out of that 33.5% children were found to have nocturnal enuresis. Frequency was high among girls than boys and the prevalence of bedwetting decrease as the age of the child increased from 13.3% at 5-7 years of age to 2-3% at 12-14 years ( Magdi, A. H., 2010)……Enuresis Essay.

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